понедельник, 11 марта 2013 г.

Bardiche


Bardiche (pol.  berdysz) — a cold weapon in the form of an axe with the edge bent like a half moon got on a long staff — ratovishche.
The stupid part of a blade intended for a nasazhivaniye on a staff, as well as at axes, is called as a butt, the edge opposite to an edge — , and the end delayed from top to bottom — a kositsa. The staff is attached to iron by means of a butt, a kositsa, nails rivets and thongs. Ratovishche drive in a butt, beat nails rivets through wells in a butt. Such wells usually became from 3 to 7. Kositsa it was attached to a staff by two-three nails and it was wound in some ranks with a thin thong or a rope. Sometimes on each turn the thong was beaten by nails. On the bottom end ratovisha the iron tip (subcurrent) for an emphasis Bardiche to the earth was got both when firing from guns (arquebuses), and during a smart system. In Russia Bardiche appears in the XVI century as the weapon of streletsky armies and city protection. Here it occupied a niche of the European halberd, but carried out a bit different functions. It was the weapon only about 170 centimeters long and weighing 3 kilograms and served also as a prop when firing.  Early Bardiche the XVI century had one edge on the top end of a staff.  Probably, Bardiche it was calculated and on a prick.  Later, in the XVII century, the top ends began smith in two shorter edges.  The planes Bardiche covered with a carved pattern — or simple points and schematic leaves, or in difficult drawings with the image of the unicorns struggling with dragons, various chimeras and flowers.
Berdysha of horse Sagittariuses and dragoons became the smaller sizes in comparison with infantry and had on two iron rings on a staff for a running belt.

The weapon of a similar design appeared in Europe early enough. In Russia Bardiche ppear in the first half of the XV century, and later gain general distribution, as the weapon of streletsky armies and city protection. Here it occupied a niche of the West European halberd, but carried out a bit different functions. Peasants were recommended to store the weapon among which were and Bardiche on a case of war. Regiments of a new system quite often armed Bardiche as to people this weapon was more habitual. Cloths of Russians of the berdyshy differed the various form changing over time. Early Bardiche the XVI century had one edge on the top end of a staff and a toporovidny cutting edge. The edge was rather small — 20 — 50 cm. Later, in the XVII century, the top ends began often Bardiche in two shorter edges. Edge length to 60 — 80 cm increased also. Cloths ceremonial the berdyshy covered with a carved pattern — or simple points and schematic leaves, or in difficult drawings with the image of the unicorns struggling with dragons, various chimeras and flowers. It was the weapon up to 170 centimeters long and weighing about 3 kilograms. For comparison — weight streletsky berdyshy was about 1,5 kg.
Since the end of the XV century Bardiche ere applied in Sweden. Were in use and in other countries. In Poland as the infantry weapon they were entered in 1674 and soon forced out sabers. They differed from Moscow smaller weight and about 120 cm long therefore when firing from them rose on a knee. At the beginning of the XVIII century they went out of use

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